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Criminal Justice Databases

Cite within the Body

LEARN: Cite in the body of the paper/assignment (APA)

When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

All sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the reference (preceded by "p.").

Direct citation EXAMPLE

Gass and Varonis (1984) found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (p. 85).

Indirect or paraphrase citation EXAMPLE

According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.

PRACTICE: Refer to these websites for rules and writing help.

APA References page

LEARN: Create an APA References Page

Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page (do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title). All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay.

PRACTICE: Refer to these websites for rules and examples.

APA: Citation Guides

APA: FAQs & Tutorials

APA: Basic Citation Tools

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