A patent for an invention is the grant of a property right to the inventor, issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office....This grants the owner "the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling” the invention in the United States or “importing” the invention into the United States. Please see USPTO website for more info.
3 types of patents:
Utility patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof. Here is the process for obtaining a utility patent.
Design patents may be granted to anyone who invents a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture.
Plant patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant.
Before you apply for patent application:
Is your invention patentable?
What type of patent are you applying for?
Costs & decide if you need legal assistance.
Apply for a patent through the federal agency United States Patent & Trademark Office.
Did someone already invent it? Check these links from USPTO to see if your idea is already taken or similar.